How does CBD work?
The passing of the Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Amendment Act means some products containing cannabidiol (CBD) are now prescription medicines only.
CBD is a substance found in cannabis that has potential therapeutic value, with little or no psychoactive properties.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is no longer a class B1 controlled drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975. It is a prescription medicine under the Medicines Act 1981.
As with all prescription medicines, patients must have a prescription from an authorised prescriber to import or use CBD products. If you are interested in using CBD for a medical purpose, please talk to your doctor.
CBD is no longer a controlled drug. In addition, to increase access to CBD products, while minimising risks, a small amount of tetrahydrocannabinols and other psychoactive related substances are now permitted as contaminants in CBD products. In CBD products, the amount of tetrahydrocannabinols and psychoactive related substances must not exceed 2 percent of the total CBD tetrahydrocannabinol and psychoactive related substances content in the product.
This change to the control of CBD products is in response to advice the Government received from the Expert Advisory Committee on Drugs. It is important to note that medicinal cannabis products such as Sativex are not CBD products (refer Prescribing cannabis-based products).
Further information on prescribing medicinal cannabis and CBD products can be found on Prescribing cannabis-based products.
Bringing CBD products into New Zealand
No individual may leave or enter New Zealand with illicit cannabis, even if they have been diagnosed by a medical or nurse practitioner as requiring palliation. You can travel with 1 months’ supply of controlled drugs (eg, Sativex) or 3 months’ supply of prescription medicines (eg CBD products) provided you are able to show they have been lawfully supplied to you.
Importing of CBD Products into New Zealand by Patients, Pharmacies, Medical Practitioners and Wholesalers
Pharmacies, authorised prescribers and licensed wholesalers of medicines are able to import CBD products, and are not required to have an import licence under the Misuse of Drugs Act.
- some overseas countries require an licence to export CBD products eg Australia and Canada,
- some countries prohibit the export of CBD products eg the United States,
- many products listed on websites as CBD products do not meet the New Zealand definition as the THC content is too high. These products are controlled drugs and cannot be legally imported into New Zealand without a licence to import a controlled drug issued by Medicines Control at the Ministry of Health and a licence to export from the exporting country,
- CBD products are all non-consented medicines and can only be imported by authorised prescribers for a particular patient under their care or by pharmacists pursuant to a prescription for a particular patient,
- non-consented medicines cannot be advertised,
- wholesalers and pharmacists must complete reporting requirements to Medsafe as required by section 29 of the Medicines Act 1981.
There is a limited range of CBD products available
While the intent is to make it easier to access CBD products, there is currently a limited range of CBD products available in New Zealand. None of the products currently available have consent for distribution in New Zealand. Strict export restrictions on products sourced from some other countries will continue to impact the supply of CBD products in New Zealand. The range of products available in New Zealand is expected to increase once domestic cultivation and manufacture of medicinal cannabis products is enabled and established.